What is an Export Control Classification Number (ECCN)?
The Export Control Classification Number (ECCN) is a key element in the realm of international trade and freight management. An ECCN is a five-character alphanumeric code used to identify items for export control purposes. It is primarily associated with the United States export control system but has implications worldwide.
An ECCN categorizes items based on the nature of the product, its technical parameters, and its potential use in applications that could have national security implications. Determining the correct ECCN for your product is a critical step in ensuring compliance with export regulations.
The ECCN number falls under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Department of Commerce and is governed by the Export Administration Regulations (EAR). These numbers are listed in the Commerce Control List (CCL), which details different levels of control for various items. The CCL is divided into ten broad categories, and each category is further subdivided into five product groups.
Identifying the correct ECCN number for an item involves understanding its technical specifications and potential uses. This classification dictates the necessary export licenses and the level of scrutiny an item will face during the export process.
Related Freight Glossary Terms
- Shipper’s Letter of Instruction (SLI)
- Commerce Control List